Philip Bell

President at Steel Manufacturers Association

Abstract: Low Carbon Steel Production in the USA - Proven Technology and Proven Results

There are multiple production routes for lower carbon intensity steel, however; the established, proven and consistent way to produce lower carbon steel is via the Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Other process technologies are costly, unproven or in their nascent stage.

In the US over 70% of steel is produced via EAFs contributing to its lower carbon emissions performance. Increasingly other countries are investing to make their steel industries look more like the one in the United States. Steel produced in the U.S. is 75% - 320% less carbon intensive than steel produced in other countries.


Philip K. Bell is president of the Washington, DC based Steel Manufacturers Association (SMA). He is a 30-year steel industry veteran who has held multiple leadership roles throughout the steel industry supply chain with companies such as Elementis Chromium, Qualitech Steel, SGL Carbon and Gerdau.

He received his BA degree from Texas A&M – Corpus Christi and his MA degree from the University of Florida.