Steel Times International Issue
September 2020

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September 2020

I’ve been looking back over recent leader articles, as I tend to do when it’s time to write this column. In truth, I always have a few ideas in my head. However, I notice that all of my missives, going back to March, revolve around COVID-19 and how we’re not out of the woods yet or we’ve got to stick it out and so forth.

Infact, when I look back over our news pages, it’s interesting to note that, early on, there are loads of virus-related images, but they fade out as the months pass. In this issue’s news pages there’s just one related graphic at the top left hand side of page seven, which is odd when you consider that global media companies are pedalling doom and gloom around a second wave of the pandemic.

The problem with trying to create a panic among the people with stories of a virus comeback is that, in a sense, people have moved on, and that awful phrase, ‘the new normal’, has come into play. On a personal note, now that I’m back at work on a ‘week-on, week-off’ basis, I too find myself forgetting about the virus, but not in an irresponsible sense (unlike the ‘covidiots’ I wear a mask and adhere to social distancing rules). I suppose it’s best not to get too complacent as winter is coming and who knows what it will bring?

For Steel Times International, the ‘new normal’ means a virtual Future Steel Forum in November as it’s doubtful whether people will travel and who can blame them? Personally, the very thought of flying with a mask on is horrendous, and shaking hands with international delegates is probably asking for trouble. So a virtual event it is and what’s not to like? My aim as ‘conference director’ is to keep the programme on the cutting edge. I’m hoping it will remain roughly the same as planned, with a few additions. So if you’re one of those people who look down their noses at the idea of a virtual conference, look at the upsides: you get exactly the same content as the original live event, you get to watch the whole thing without having to travel anywhere, you can enjoy the conference from the comfort of your own home and, to cap it all, the live event in Prague is back with a vengeance in 2021 and I’m looking for speakers now, so please do get in touch.

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Regular Features

2 Leader by Matthew Moggridge, Editor, Steel Times International

4 News round-up – the latest global news

11 USA Update – COVID is not the only problem

13 Latin America Update – COVID and Latin American steel

17 & 37 Innovations – the lates new products and contracts

58 Perspectives Q&A: Berry Metal

60 History: Merthyr's most successful ironworks

Failure Analysis

22 The nature of welding and its relationship to the steel industry

28 Failure Mode Analysis


32 Growing old gracefully

Hydrogen and Steelmaking

35 Hydrogen steelmaking – Siemens on decarbonisation

51 Hydrogen-based green steelmaking in India


38 New bar and rod mill for Yongxing Special Stainless Steel

52 Reducing profile and flatness failures

Special & Stainless Steels

45 Making eco-friendly waves

48 Stainless steel and hygiene


55 Steeling ourselves for change