World crude steel production reached 1.62Mt for the year 2016, up 0.8% compared to 2015. Crude steel production decreased in Europe, the Americas and Africa and increased in the CIS, the Middle East, Asia and Oceania, according to figures released by the World Steel Association (worldsteel).

In December 2016, world crude steel production for the 66 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 134 Mt, an increase of 5.5% compared to December 2015. The crude steel capacity utilisation ratio of the 66 countries over the same period was 68.1%. This is 2.8 percentage points higher than December 2015. The average capacity utilisation in 2016 was 69.3% compared to 69.7% in 2015.

Annual production for Asia was 1.12Mt in 2016, an increase of 1.6% compared to 2015. China's 2016 production reached 808.4Mt, up by 1.2% on the previous year, and its share of world crude steel production increased from 49.4% in 2015 to 49.6% in 2016.

Japan produced 104.8Mt in 2016, down by 0.3% when compared to 2015, while India’s crude steel production for 2016 was 95.6Mt, up 7.4% on 2015. South Korea produced 68.6 Mt of crude steel in 2016, a decrease of 1.6% compared to 2015.

During 2016, the EU (28) produced 162.3Mt of crude steel, a decrease of 2.3% compared to 2015. Germany produced 42.1Mt of crude steel in 2016, down 1.4%, and Italy produced 23.3Mt in 2016, an increase of 6.0%. Spain produced 13.7Mt of crude steel in 2016, a decrease of 0.8% compared to 2015.

In North America crude steel production for 2016 was 111.0Mt, the same amount as in 2015. The US produced 78.6 Mt of crude steel, down by 0.3% on 2015.

Crude steel production in the CIS was 0.8% higher than in 2015 at 102.4Mt. Russia produced 70.8 Mt of crude steel in 2016, down 0.1% on the previous year while Ukraine recorded an increase of 5.5% with a year-end figure of 24.2 Mt.

Annual crude steel production for South America was 39.2 Mt in 2016, a decrease of 10.6% on 2015. Brazil produced 30.2 Mt in 2016, down 9.2%.