Majority state owned Steel Authority for India (SAIL) has undertaken modernisation and expansion at its five integrated steel plants at Bhilai, Bokaro, Rourkela, Durgapur and Burnpur and Special Steel Plant at Salem to increase its total crude steel production capacity from 12.84Mt/y to 21.40Mt/y in the current phase.

Expansion of Salem Steel Plant was completed in September, 2010 and facilities are in regular operation. At Rourkela Steel Plant the sinter plant has been put into operation, new coke oven battery is being hot commissioned and a new blast furnace is in advanced stage of completion. At the IISCO Steel Plant, raw material handling, sinter plant, oxygen plant and new coke oven battery have been completed. The wire rod mill, blast furnace, and ancillary plant are in advance stage of completion. At Bokaro Steel Plant, up-gradation of one blast furnace and re-building of two coke oven batteries has been completed and a new cold rolling mill for sections is undergoing trial runs. At Bhilai Steel Plant and Durgapur Steel Plant work is in various stages of implementation.

Investment for the current phase Rs 618700M (US$11.42bn). Besides, a provision of Rs. 102640M ($1.89bn) has been made towards investment in existing mines under the Raw Materials Division and development of the Rowghat Mine.